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Saturday, June 4, 2011

How to Detect Hidden Backdoors, Trojan Horses and Rootkit Tools






What is a BackDoor?
A backdoor in a computer system (or cryptosystem or algorithm) is a method of bypassing normal authentication, securing remote access to a computer, obtaining access to plaintext, and so on, while attempting to remain undetected, the backdoor may take the form of an installed program, or could be a modification to an existing program or hardware device. It hides in the computer, scans existing loopholes, opens corresponding ports, as well as modifies system registration files.
Backdoor will not duplicate or actively spread itself. It will only open a certain port through which a remote computer in the network can control the infected computer. Generally the backdoor will not influence normal communication of the network, so firewalls or IDS can hardly detect its existence.
Is my network infected with a backdoor?
According to statistics, most of the backdoors work under port 31337, 31335, 27444, 27665, 20034, 9704, 6063, 5999, 5910, 5432, 2049, 1433, 444, and 137-139. So whether there is communication through these ports in the network determines whether the network is infected with a backdoor.
How To Detect A BackDoor On A Tool?
1. Right click it, if you got winrar installed and you see “open with winrar” then this means it was binded with winrar so def backdoored
2. Open it with a resource editor such as Resource Hacker/Restorator/Pe Explorer and check the rcdata section. If theres 1 & 2 entries in it then its binded
3. Open it with a hex editor. At the start of a PE header theres always this line “This program cannot be run in DOS mode”. Search for it, if it exists more then once then it might be binded
it depends on the specific app, for example its not unusual for binders/crypters to have the stub file attached in the resources. Also search for .exe and inspect the results, a binded file
drops the files to a temp folder before executing em , so if you find somethin like this: %.t.e.m.p.%.\.x.x…e.x.e or file1.exe/file2.exe then its def binded
4. Run it in sandboxie. When a file is ran’d in sandboxie its isolated (cant access your files/registry). First click the sandboxie tray icon to open up its Window, then right click the file and click “run with sandboxie”. If you see another process name in the sandboxie Window then its probably backdoored (this doesnt include sandboxie rpcss/dcom launch processes, those are legit and needed for some programs). Thats not all, the file may drop another when one of the buttons in the program GUI is clicked or after you close it, so click all the buttons and close it just to make sure. If you do see other processes then immdiatly click file -> terminate all processes from the sandboxie menu. If a file refuses to run in sandboxie or its suppose to be a program and it runs without GUI then it would probably be best to delete it.
Hope this tutorial was helpful for you.


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